Country information


Location: Located in the central Balkans and at southern end of the Dinaric Alps, Montenegro faces the Adriatic Sea at its southwest side. Its neighbouring countries are Croatia (southwest), Bosnia and Herzegovina (northwest), Serbia (northeast), Kosovo (east), and Albania (south east). 

Area: Montenegro has an area of 13, 812km2. Its terrain encompasses high mountains at its northern side, karst segments in its western and central parts, and almost 300km of coastal plains and beaches at its Adriatic Sea border. The highest peak is Bobotov Peak at 2,522 metres. Its coastal region experiences active seismic activity. The Bay of Kotor is a remarkable sight on the coastline which resembles a fjord – like gulf, but in fact it is a submerged river canyon. 

Climate: The coastline climate is typically Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and colder, rainier winters. Summer temperatures range between 25 – 30 degrees Celsius and winter temperatures range between 4 to 11 degrees Celsius. The mountainous regions receive the highest amounts of rainfall in Europe. 

Major cities: The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica with a population of roughly 156,000 inhabitants. Other major cities are Nikšič (56, 970 inhabitants) and Herceg Novi (19, 536 inhabitants). Even though much smaller, Cetinje, Budva, Kotor are popular destinations for recreational and cultural visits.

Population: 621,718 

Major ethnic groups: Montenegrin (45%), Serbs (28.7%), Bosniak/ Muslim (12%), Albanian (5%)

Religions: Orthodox (72.1%), Muslim (19.1%), other (5.4%)

Languages: official language: Montenegrin (variety of the Serbo – Croatian language); Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Albanian are all officially used as well.

Government: Parliamentary Republic 

Important phone numbers: 

112 – Emergency 

122  – Police 

123 – Fire brigade 

124 – Ambulance 

Time zone: GMT +2

Housing: Real estate prices vary throughout the country. Its capital, Podgorica, and the coastal areas, especially Budva and Kotor have the highest demand, thus the highest prices. Foreign citizens can buy and sell properties on the same terms as Montenegrin citizens. 

Transportation: There are two international airports in Montenegro. The main one is Podgorica Airport serving Podgorica while Tivat Airport is the most convenient getaway to the coastline. Montenegro has a direct railway connection only to Serbia from Belgrade with stops in the cities of Podgorica and Bar.

Speed limits: In urban areas the speed limit is 50km/h, in rural areas 80km/h and on faster expressways 100km/h. There are no highways currently. 

Taxation: There is 21% VAT on goods and services. For necessities like milk, bread, medications, books and computers the VAT is reduced to 7%. 

Electricity: The standard voltage is 230V and 50 Hz frequency. Sockets and plugs are standard European. 

Country code: +382 

Currency: Euro

Public holidays:

New Year: 1 and 2 January 

Orthodox Christmas: 6 and 7 January 

Orthodox Easter: April/May

Labor Day: 1 and 2 May

Montenegro Independence Day: 21 May 

National Day: 13 July 

Working hours: Typical working hours of shops are from 9:00 to 21:00 Monday to Saturday. Banks and post offices are open from 08:00 to 20:00 Monday to Friday.


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